US Department of Defense
Advancing Blast Injury Research to Protect and Heal Those Who Serve

Disseminating Blast Injury Research Information

Research Highlights

Each month the US Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office (PCO) highlights an accomplishment from the DoD Blast Injury Research Program's key program areas: Injury Prevention, Acute Treatment, and Reset. These highlights include new publications and products that add to the knowledge base for blast injury research, or novel strategies for preventing blast injury and enabling injured Service Members to return to duty and maintain an active lifestyle. Read more...

March 2019: Brain Injury Awareness Month - TBI: Did You Know?

  • The Department of Defense is at the forefront of a new era in our understanding of traumatic brain injury (TBI). With new tools and protocols for use in rapidly evolving concussion care, the department is prioritizing early detection and personalized treatment to maximize warfighter brain health.
  • The Defense Health Agency (DHA) is modernizing concussion care tools that incorporate more than 25 years of cutting-edge research and experience.
  • Delivering state of the science concussion care maximizes force readiness by lowering the rate of persistent concussion symptoms and secondary injury, thereby decreasing morbidity and lost duty days.
  • Appropriate traumatic brain injury treatment close to the point of injury accelerates recovery trajectories and is cost-effective.
  • Evolving science now provides the opportunity to evaluate concussion from multiple assessment areas such as testing eye movements and balance capabilities that are domains potentially impacted by concussion
  • During the last 18 years, almost 400,000 service members were diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury.
  • Traumatic brain injury can be classified as mild, moderate, severe, or penetrating. Mild TBI is also known as concussion.
  • Common symptoms following a concussion include: headaches, dizziness, sleep disturbances, vision changes, balance problems, fatigue, attention and memory problems, irritability, and mood changes.
  • Early detection of traumatic brain injury leads to early treatment; early treatment leads to better outcomes.
  • Multiple concussions may increase the number of brain injury symptoms and may cause symptoms to last longer.
  • Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center offers a variety of products to support better understanding of traumatic brain injury – prevention, recognition, treatment, and recovery – online at
  • Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center offers state-of-the-science clinical tools to help providers diagnose, evaluate, and treat patients with traumatic brain injury. Download or order resources such as clinical recommendations and training materials from
  • "A Head for the Future" is a traumatic brain injury awareness campaign from Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center. Find "A Head for the Future" campaign videos of service members and veterans, their family members, caregivers, and providers sharing their experiences with TBI at

March 1, 2019

PCO Participates in Neurotrauma 2018 Joint Society Symposium

On August 11-16, 2018, COL Sidney Hinds II, Blast Injury Research PCO, Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, participated in the Neurotrauma 2018 joint society symposium sponsored by the International and National Neurotrauma Societies and AANS/CNS Section on Neurotrauma and Critical Care, and held at the Westin Harbour Castle, Toronto, Canada. This was the third joint symposium designed to provide an opportunity to broadly share the most up-to-date scientific and clinical evidence about brain and spinal cord trauma with the neurotrauma research and treatment community. Basic and clinical researchers showcased their work in plenary sessions, podium lectures, and through poster presentations. Researchers from US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) laboratories, Office of Naval Research (ONR), and research performers funded by the Department of Defense (DoD) were included among those presenting their work to colleagues from institutions worldwide. COL Hinds contributed to a poster presented at the conference on ENIGMA: Enhancing Neuroimaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis. PCO participation in this meeting supports the congressionally mandated EA responsibility to promote information sharing and partnerships, to disseminate blast injury research information, and to identify blast injury knowledge gaps.

September 19, 2018

70th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

AAN logo

The Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds, attended the 70th annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) held on April 21-27, 2018 in Los Angeles, CA. The meeting included a session on military-related neurological issues and COL Hinds presented a poster describing the methodology of the Post-Traumatic Headache Clinical Recommendation (CR) research study, which is a collaboration among DVBIC, USUHS and USAMRMC.

April 30, 2018

2nd Annual NCAA-DoD Grand Alliance Concussion Conference

The Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds, attended the 2nd Annual NCAA-DoD Grand Alliance Concussion Conference held on April 20, 2018 in West Point, NY. During the conference, concussion experts and researchers shared findings from the NCAA-DoD Grand Alliance. COL Hinds is a member of the NCAA CARE Consortium Scientific Advisory Board and was an invited panelist for the conference session "Variances Between Student-Athlete and Non-Student-Athlete Cadet Return-to-Activity."

April 21, 2018

SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing Conference

SPIE logo

The Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds, was an invited speaker at the SPIE Defense + Commercial Sensing Conference held on April 15-19, 2018 in Orlando, FL. In his presentation, "DoD Blast Injury Research PCO: Perspective On Brain/Human Computer Interface Technologies For Injury Prevention and Diagnosis," COL Hinds discussed the needs of the Service members and medical personnel to provide scalable medical care along the roles of care and highlighted research being done in neuroimaging.

April 20, 2018

15th Annual World Congress of the Society for Brain Mapping & Therapeutics

SBMT logo

The Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds, was an invited speaker at the 15th Annual World Congress of the Society for Brain Mapping & Therapeutics (SBMT) held on April 13-15, 2018 in Los Angeles, CA. The purpose of the meeting was to bring together physicians, scientists, policy makers, funding agencies and industry to further the advances and applications in brain and spinal cord mapping and image guided therapies. In his presentation "DoD Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office: Efforts in Brain Injury Research," COL Hinds highlighted several PCO initiatives including the BIPSR Process, US-India and NATO collaborations, and the International State-of-the-Science meeting series.

April 16, 2018

PCO Participates in 126th Annual AMSUS Meeting - Force Health Protection: From Battlefront to Homefront

AMSUS logo

Ms. Susan Taylor, Blast Injury Research Program Coordinator, presented an overview of the PCO and International State-of-the-Science (SoS) meeting process at the 126th annual Association of Military Surgeons of the United States (AMSUS) meeting during a session titled, "State of Science Report to Minimize Impact of Wound Infections in Blast-Related Injuries."

The purpose of the session was to discuss the recommendations made during the PCO-organized 2016 SoS Meeting on Minimizing the Impact of Wound Infections Following Blast-Related Injuries. The session was led by COL Kirby Gross, Army Trauma Training Detachment at Ryder Trauma Center and included Dr. David Tribble, Science Director, Infectious Disease Clinical Research Program at Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and Dr. James Ficke, Chief of Orthopaedic Surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital. All three served as expert panelists during the 2016 SoS meeting and were actively involved in developing the final recommendations.

During the AMSUS session, the panel discussed the critical need for programs to improve outcomes following blast-related wound infection. Policy changes supporting continuous learning and maintenance of trauma data registries are equally as important as research to develop new treatment strategies. Of particular interest is maintaining data registries, including the DoD Trauma Registry, Military Orthopaedic Trauma Registry (MOTR), and Trauma Infections Disease Outcomes Study (TIDOS). Data from these registries are instrumental to understanding blast-related wound infections and designing research programs to improve outcomes. Other points of discussion included establishing requirements to perform clinical research in theater during interwar periods and the importance of a learning health system to capture and distribute best practices.

November 30, 2017

Proceedings from Veteran's Affairs Traumatic Brain Injury State-of-the-Art Meeting

Journal cover

PCO Director, Mr. Leggieri, and several current and former members of USAMRMC, including Drs. Curley, Pacifico, and Tortella, are authors on a recent article published in a special edition issue of the journal Brain Injury, entitled "Preclinical modelling of militarily relevant traumatic brain injuries: Challenges and recommendations for future directions." The article captured the discussions that took place during an August 2015 US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) State-of-the-Art meeting, which brought together stakeholders from the VA, DoD, Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), and academia to assess traumatic brain injury (TBI) research, identify gaps, and recommend future research to fill the gaps. Mr. Leggieri contributed to the article by emphasizing the need to accurately characterize Service member blast exposures, including exposures to repeated occupational levels of blast overpressure during weapons training, and the importance of creating relevant blast exposures in the laboratory to support blast-related brain injury research.

October 10, 2017

PCO Publishes Supplement in Journal of Neurotrauma on Blast-related Trauma and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Journal cover

The PCO organized the 2015 International State-of-the-Science Meeting "Does Repeated Blast-Related Trauma Contribute to the Development of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)?" to address questions about the potential association between head injury and CTE. In September 2017, the PCO published the proceedings of this meeting in a supplement issue of the Journal of Neurotrauma, "Blast-Related Trauma and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy."


September 27, 2017

35th Annual National Neurotrauma Society Symposium

NNS logo

The Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds II, represented the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office (PCO) at the 35th Annual National Neurotrauma Society (NNS) Symposium held July 8-12, 2017, in Snowbird, Utah. In addition, COL Hinds was an invited presenter at the pre-meeting workshop on "Environmental Sensor use for Quantifying Neural Exposure to Inertial and Blast Forces." The primary objective of this workshop was to increase understanding of the diagnosis and prevention of brain trauma by updating clinical and basic science researchers on the state of the science of environmental sensors. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and Joint Program Committee-5/ Military Operational Medicine Research Program. COL Hinds' presentation covered a history of environmental sensors and the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command's role in past, current, and future environmental sensor efforts. The day-long workshop provided a balance between the technology and physics of blast and blunt sensors and the clinical perspective of these sensors.

The remainder of the symposium consisted of scientific presentations, poster sessions, workshops, and networking events. Topics addressed included acute and chronic effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury, emerging therapies, blast related injuries, and controversies in the field of brain injury and sports concussion. Dr. John Povlishock, Professor and Chair of the Department Anatomy and Neurobiology at Virginia Commonwealth University, provided a plenary anniversary presentation on the history of the TBI field and his experience investigating emerging theories of injury throughout his professional career. Attendees of the meeting included representatives from the DoD, other government agencies, academia, and industry.

July 12, 2017

Now Available! FY16 Report to the Executive Agent (EA)

The PCO prepares an annual report to the DoD EA for Medical Research for Prevention, Mitigation, and Treatment of Blast Injuries, that covers blast injury research efforts and programs within the DoD. The report is intended to inform senior DoD policymakers, researchers, and the public by highlighting blast injury research accomplishments of blast injuries from across the DoD. Read more...

June 19, 2017

7th Annual Traumatic Brain Injury Conference


Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds II, was an invited speaker at the 7th Annual Traumatic Brain Injury Conference hosted by Arrowhead Publishing in Washington, DC. The goal of this annual conference is to bring together scientists and clinicians from industry, academia, and government to discuss the latest breakthroughs in traumatic brain injury (TBI) research and clinical care. This year's interdisciplinary meeting brought together over 180 attendees representing expertise across the continuum of TBI care including injury prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation. Focus areas included preclinical models of brain injury, TBI biomarker development and validation, improvements in outcomes research, emerging tools for the diagnosis and assessment of TBI, and current clinical management across the spectrum of TBI severities. In addition to a wide range of presentations and panel sessions, the meeting also included poster sessions and numerous networking events.

COL Hinds' presentation, titled "Neuroimaging as a Biomarker for Traumatic Brain Injury," focused on the application of advanced neuroimaging techniques to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of TBI. He discussed one possible medical paradigm to put into perspective the efforts in TBI biomarker research and showcased recent efforts to apply advanced neuroimaging to the challenges associated with the heterogeneity of the TBI population. In addition, COL Hinds participated in a panel session in which he discussed translational gaps, applying research findings to TBI clinical diagnosis and treatment, sharing with attendees the best ways to develop research collaborations with military organizations.

COL Hinds' participation in the meeting supports to the Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Program's Executive Agent responsibilities to promote collaboration between academia, industry, and military researchers and to share recent advances in military neurotrauma related research.

May 25, 2017

14th Annual World Congress for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics

The Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds II, was invited to participate in a panel at the 14th Annual World Congress hosted by the Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics (SBMT) on April 18, 2017. The Congress, held at the Millennium Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California, brought together researchers, clinicians, policy makers, and funding agencies. The purpose was to exploit synergies among an interdisciplinary group of researchers to accelerate advances in brain and spinal cord injuries as well as image-guided therapies. Topics covered during the meeting include neurosurgery, neurology, psychiatry, radiology, neuroengineering, nano-bio-electronics, and healthcare policy.

COL Hinds' presentation, "Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Biomarkers: Objective Tests in a Heterogeneous Population," was included in the panel titled "Military Medicine: Distinguishing between TBI and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)," chaired by Dr. Maheen Adamson, Senior Scientific Research Director for the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center at the VA Palo Alto Health Care System. His presentation focused on the pathophysiology of TBI, current knowledge gaps in TBI research, and Department of Defense (DoD) sponsored efforts to identify potential fluid or imaging based biomarkers to diagnose TBI and predict long-term patient outcome following injury.

Participation of the Brain Health Research Program Research Coordinator in conferences, such as the SBMT World Congress, supports the Executive Agent for the prevention, mitigation and treatment of blast injuries in fulfilling their responsibility to bring national and international awareness to brain trauma-related research and clinical practices information and facilitate collaboration among researchers and clinicians focusing on neurological and neuropsychological health across the DoD, other federal agencies, academia, and industry.

April 20, 2017

12th World Congress on Brain Injury

IBIA logo

From March 29 through April 2, 2017, the Brain Health Research Program Coordinator, COL Sidney Hinds II, participated in the International Brain Injury Association (IBIA), 12th World Congress on Brain Injury in New Orleans, Louisiana. The IBIA World Congress is the largest gathering of international professionals working in the field of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The focus of the meeting included all facets of research, education, and clinical care. COL Hinds presented a case study illustrating the importance and use of the Department of Defense (DoD) Clinical Recommendations. In addition, he participated on a panel presentation titled "Approaches to the Evaluation and Treatment of Concussion: A Panel Discussion." Throughout the event COL Hinds continued to support the responsibilities of the DoD Executive Agent to promote partnerships and facilitate collaboration within the international TBI community through meeting with leaders from various organizations and research consortia.

April 2, 2017

Military Medicine Partnership Conference and Expo

The Brain Health Research Program Coordinator and well known US Army neurologist, COL Sidney Hinds II, was invited to give a presentation at the Military Medicine Partnership Conference and Expo, in Ellicott City, Maryland, on March 7, 2017. This presentation, "Blast-Induced Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI): Current State of the Science," was well received. COL Hinds focused on the ongoing work that the DoD Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office facilitates, including the International State-of-the-Science meeting series, fostering collaboration among DoD, federal agencies, academia and industry; identifying research and product gaps; providing input and addressing research requirements; and acting as consultants for partners who wish to share ideas. He stressed the need for a better understanding of TBI issues through prevention/protection to recovery and rehabilitation, emphasizing how blunt/sports related head injury research plays a large part in addressing blast injury knowledge gaps. These findings will assist in ensuring physical readiness for all Service Members for current and future combat.

The Military Medicine Partnership Conference and Expo, co-hosted by USAMRMC and National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA), is an opportunity for science and industry representatives to learn more about the DoD research, development, test and evaluation missions, programs and gap areas and to better understand the complexities of military medicine in the complex environment within which the military operates.

March 7, 2017

Icon: Disseminate

For more information on disseminating blast injury research information, read more...

Last modified: 03-Aug-2017