US Department of Defense
Advancing Blast Injury Research to Protect and Heal Those Who Serve

Frequently Asked Questions

Click any question below to view the related answer.

Q: Do blasts cause concussions or mild traumatic brain (TBI) injuries?

A: Blast-related TBI is commonly caused by the secondary and tertiary blast mechanisms (blast winds propel fragments against the body causing damage [secondary] or propel the body causing injuries similar to those that occur in a car crash or fall [tertiary]). The existence of brain injuries caused by the primary mechanism of blast alone, without secondary or tertiary head impacts, is a topic of continuing study within Department of Defense (DoD) research programs. The DoD Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) hosted their first State-of-the-Science (SoS) meeting in 2009 on "Non-Impact, Blast-Induced Mild Traumatic Brain Injury" to address this specific question by critically examining research focused on the relationship between blast exposure and non-impact, blast-induced mild TBI and reviewing proposed injury mechanisms.

Learn more about the findings from this meeting.

Q: What type of injuries result from blast exposure?

Q: Does the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) provide research funding?

Q: What is the definition of blast injury?

Q: What is the role of the Department of Defense (DoD) Brain Health Research Program Coordinator?

Q: How does the Department of Defense (DoD) Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO) define Brain Health?

Last modified: 18-Jun-2019